Initial Report Miklossy - year1993- Alzheimer' Disease and Spirochetes
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Biofilms of borrelia burgdorferi In Vitro Observations
Biofilms of Borrelia burgdorferi In vitro type A Brief statement and Image    Showing the transition  from
Spiral [Planktonic] Borrelia to Granular (specialized shape shifted forms] of viable Borrelia Burgdorferi
{Brief Statement}  click here
Teaching file: Biofilms of borrelia burgdorferi
In Vitro Biofilms derived from pure culture
of PLANKTONIC borrelia burgdorferi
spiral/motile spirochetal forms;
Biofilms consist of SPECIALIZED forms
of Borrelia and are NOT NECESSARILY

Limits that Planktonic concepts alone place
on the Understanding of Biofilms
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Link to full text of the original manuscript
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The first  Human case of Borrelia endocarditis
and the implications of this case to Borrelia Biofilm infections
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Borrelia Endocarditis:  Case report from Limoges and Strasbourg, France
Alan B.  MacDonald's Correspondence with the authors
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Oral Microbe biofilm formers: Models for diversity of microbe shape within biofilm
communities - Site specific biofim structure differences documented
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Bacterial Endocarditis and Biofilm Infections:  An
Unbreakable Association
[See the full video teaching presentation of Dr
Rao on biofilms - below]
Click to View Powerpoint on Biofilms by Dr T V Rao    
this is posted on this site with Dr. T.V. Rao's permission
The full Copyright and all rights of authorship remain with Dr. T.V. Rao
Dr Klaus Eisendle and Dr. Bernhard Zelger:  Year 2009
Remarks in support of "putative" biofilms of Borrelia burgdorferi in Human skin Biopsy
material from human cutaneous Borreliosis ( acrodermatitis Chronica Atrophicans)
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Eisendle, Klaus, and Zelger, Bernhard, "Expanding Spectrum of cutaneous borreliosis" Year 2009
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link to 6
link to 11
link to 7
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Miklossy - 1993 - Neuroreport manuscript - initial Report of her discovery of Spirochetes in
Alzheimer's disease brain tissues-
She References the previous MacDonald Discovery of Borrelia/Alzheimer's in year 1987
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